Artisan Bread Business Overview & Trends (NAICS Code: 311812 SIC Code: 2051) By: Chase Tettleton
Renewed interest in the Artisan Bread Business is proof that, despite the low-carb craze that recently swept the nation, “bread is not dead.” Many claimed the death knell had rung for the bread industry. One study showed bread and roll sales had declined 3.1% in 2000. Another revealed 40% of Americans were limiting their carbohydrate intake in an effort to eat healthier. But by 2005, the landscape had changed: the iconic, low-carb Atkins brand entered bankruptcy protection; bread consumption was in the midst of a two-year rebound and market forecasters predicted double-digit growth sales in the near future. The underlying cause behind this renaissance was simple: Americans love their bread, and interest in artisan bread recipes is fueling growth in the artisan bread business.
In 2004, the commercial bread industry brought in $23.8 billion dollars despite an overall decline in the volume of bread shipped.2 Revenue growth in the U.S. bread industry (18% between 1998 and 2003) has been primarily attributed to shifting consumer tastes away from traditional sliced varieties and toward more expensive artisan breads. Even with the slight decline in consumption, bread products remain the second most popular grocery item – behind carbonated drinks.
Growth within the bread industry has not been confined to large supermarkets. Although the average bakery employs 35 individuals, smaller commercial baking operations with 2 to 4 employees account for nearly a quarter of all bakeries.5
Bread, Cake and Related Products, by Company Size
|Num. of Employees||No. Bus.||% Total||Emps.||Sales||Emps.||Sales|
|2 to 4||1,109||22.9||3,076||203.9||3||0.2|
|5 to 9||588||12.1||3,806||580||6||1.3|
|10 to 24||750||15.5||11,012||539.9||15||1|
|25 to 49||330||6.8||10,969||1,079.40||33||4.5|
|50 to 99||202||4.2||12,989||777.4||64||5.8|
|100 to 249||211||4.4||31,347||10,927.90||149||103.1|
|250 to 499||90||1.9||29,947||4,607.80||333||128|
|500 to 999||35||0.7||23,550||2,332.60||673||291.6|
|1,000 to 2,499||2||0||3,000||232.3||1,500||232.3|
|2,500 to 4,999||1||0||3,795||489||3,795||489|
|Source: Zapdata Industry Market Report. Sales in millions of dollars.5|
What Does the Artisan Bread Business Include?
Although some baking purists retain an exacting definition of what constitutes “artisan” bread, most artisan bread business experts acknowledge it as an ambiguous label used to describe nearly all non-sandwich breads on the market today. The definition includes everything from Old World crusty loaves to ethnic varieties from exotic locales across the globe. Furthermore, there is agreement that “artisan” describes breads that are typically freshly made (most often in on-site ovens) and sold within two days of being baked.
Quickly becoming more and more available in supermarkets, artisan breads represent the best growth opportunity for bakeries of all sizes. By 2003, sales of premium breads totaled $933 million, or 16% of all bread sales, and were continuing to climb.2 In fact, when the North Carolina-based supermarket chain Harris Teeter decided it would no longer stock artisan breads, the announcement was met with an impassioned customer backlash ultimately leading the chain to reconsider its plan.10 More than ever before, consumer choice is driven by a new era of culinary sophistication.
In addition to changing their purchasing habits for food at home, consumers are looking for their favorite restaurants to offer more exotic and ethnic bread choices. One needs to look no further than the industry leading sandwich shop, Subway. Although Italian white bread continues to be the most popular choice at the more than 21,000 sub-shops worldwide, the recent introduction of artisan bread options reflects the maturation of the American palate. 8
Artisan Bread Business Trends
A 2004 study by the Shapiro Research Group suggests that 40% of Americans have reduced their bread consumption from the previous year.6 This movement hurt the bottom line of industry leaders Interstate Bakeries (who filed for bankruptcy protection in late 2004) and Sara Lee Inc., both of whom are more heavily involved in the sandwich bread segment. Small bakeries specializing in artisan breads with European pedigrees fared much better, benefiting from an 18% growth in specialty bread sales between 2001 and 2003.
As the low-carb diet craze fades further and consumers resume buying breads, their tastes are being influenced by a new focus on nutrition. Increasingly, consumers are purchasing the whole-grain and specialty offerings in lieu of white bread.2 Bakeries are content with this substitution as profit margins are greater on artisan breads compared to sandwich breads (where private labels dominate the market).
Restaurants – from gourmet full-service establishments to national fast-food chains – are also taking note of the resurgence in the artisan bread business. Industry watchers cite the reappearance of trendy cafés and high-end bakeries as evidence of consumer demand for “hot-out-of-the-oven” specialty breads.10 What’s more, artisan bread makers are profiting from a 48.4% popularity leap for hot sandwiches.9 Restaurants are also optimistic about advances in “par-baking” technology which allows breads of all varieties to be partially baked at large wholesale plants and quick-baked on-site to be fresh served.1
Bread Business Demographics
It is rare that a foodstuff can achieve the sustained market penetration of bread. Having long been a staple of mankind’s diet, baked grains are consumed by nearly every society around the world.
When broadly defined, bread consumption is ubiquitous. As the focus is narrowed to specific segments of the bread industry, demographic trends in consumption become more apparent. This is most evident in the artisan breads business where a single loaf can cost $3 to $5 depending largely on the consumer’s region. Experts estimate that approximately 40% of current supermarkets have the necessary customer base to take advantage of the artisan bread business trend – up from only 10% several years ago.10
Janice Anderson, marketing director for bread industry heavy-hitter Flowers Bakeries, says they were surprised to learn that almost all segments of society are beginning to purchase non-traditional bread varieties. With greater profits to be made on specialty breads, bakeries large and small are pleased to find that “all demographics are buying premium bread of one kind or another.”3
According to a Sara Lee Bakery representative, health conscious consumers take home whole-grain and multi-grain offerings while “highly educated” consumers tend to purchase super premium breads – harder, denser wheat varieties – with greater frequency.3
When eating out, specialty bread is typically consumed by the wealthier customer. At restaurants, affluent professionals with annual household incomes of $40,000 or more, 25-to-34-year-old singles, married couples without children and 50+ year old empty nesters are more likely to order appetizer or side-order bread than the average restaurant-goer. This trend is reflected in the kinds of restaurants frequented by the well-to-do. Upscale restaurants report that nearly 32% of receipts include a separate bread order (much greater than the 12.5% average for restaurants in general). 7
Additional Artisan Bread Business Resources
1“Bakers bank on a whole-grain revival.” Modern Baking. Nov 2004. URL accessed December 28, 2005. <http://modernbaking.bakery-net.com/article/7469>
2“Bread, Cake, and Related Products.” Encyclopedia of American Industries. Online Edition. Thomson Gale, 2006.
3Cornwell, Mari. “Here today… still here tomorrow.” Baking and Snack. 1 Feb 2002. URL accessed January 2, 2006. <>
4Herzog, Karen. “Wrapping up top spot.” Milwaukee Sentinel. 21 June 2005. URL accessed January 2, 2006. <>
5”Industry: Bread, Cake and Related Products.” Zapdata Industry Report. Dun & Bradstreet. URL accessed December 29, 2005. <http://www.zapdata.com>
6“Low carb-no carb & health benefits sacrificed.” CouplesCompany.com. 2003. URL accessed December 28, 2005. <>
7Obenauer, Irina. “Bread remains a mainstay.” Restaurants USA. Nov 1999. URL accessed January 2, 2006. <http://www.restaurant.org/rusa/magArticle.cfm?ArticleID=223>
8“Official Subway restaurant history.” Doctor’s Associates, Inc. 2005. URL accessed December 28, 2005. <http://www.subway.com/subwayroot/AboutSubway/history/subwayHistory.aspx>
9“Specialty, hearth and artisan bread statistics and trends.” AIB International. 2005. URL accessed December 28, 2005. <http://www.aibonline.org/resources/statistics/bread.html>
10Unrein, John. “U.S. consumers get serious about artisan bread.” Milling and Baking News. May 7, 2002. URL accessed December 28, 2005. <>
Lipson, Elaine. “Everybody in the organic pool.” National Grocery Buyer. 2003. URL accessed December 28, 2005. <>
Lok, Jennifer. “Artisan breads: by bakers, by hand.” University at Albany-SUNY. 2003. URL accessed December 28, 2005. <>
“What’s on trend? Breads and spreads.” Land O’Lakes. 2005. URL accessed December 28, 2005. <>
“United States Bread and Rolls” Datamonitor Industry Market Research. 2001. Gale Research, 2001.
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