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Fine Arts Industry

NAICS: 711, 712, 713

Industry Overview

Fine Arts Clip ArtThe Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation sector includes a wide range of establishments that operate facilities or provide services to meet varied cultural, entertainment, and recreational interests of their patrons. This sector comprises (1) establishments that are involved in producing, promoting, or participating in live performances, events, or exhibits intended for public viewing; (2) establishments that preserve and exhibit objects and sites of historical, cultural, or educational interest; and (3) establishments that operate facilities or provide services that enable patrons to participate in recreational activities or pursue amusement, hobby, and leisure-time interests.

Some establishments that provide cultural, entertainment, or recreational facilities and services are classified in other sectors. Excluded from this sector are: (1) establishments that provide both accommodations and recreational facilities, such as hunting and fishing camps and resort and casino hotels are classified in Subsector 721, Accommodation; (2) restaurants and night clubs that provide live entertainment in addition to the sale of food and beverages are classified in Subsector 722, Food Services and Drinking Places; (3) motion picture theaters, libraries and archives, and publishers of newspapers, magazines, books, periodicals, and computer software are classified in Sector 51, Information; and (4) establishments using transportation equipment to provide recreational and entertainment services, such as those operating sightseeing buses, dinner cruises, or helicopter rides are classified in Subsector 487, Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation.

The arts, entertainment, and recreation sector consists of these subsectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in arts, entertainment, and recreation. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, mass layoffs, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, Layoffs, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

Data series Back
data
Aug.
2008
Sep.
2008
Oct.
2008
Nov.
2008
Employment (in thousands)
Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)
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2,004.0 1,988.7 (P) 1,988.6 (P) 1,967.6
Employment, nonsupervisory workers
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1,961.9 1,756.9 (P) 1,659.8
Unemployment
Unemployment rate
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7.2% 8.2% 10.6% 12.1%
Layoffs
Mass layoff events
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18 30 42 33
Initial claimants for unemployment benefits
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1,320 2,043 3,106 2,642
Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)
Job openings
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71 51 (P) 47
Hires
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80 130 (P) 93
Separations
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154 152 (P) 124
Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Mass Layoff Statistics, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2004 2005 2006 2007
Union membership and representation
Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)
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6.4% 6.3% 6.3% 6.2%
Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)
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6.9% 7.2% 7.1% 7.0%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Extended Mass Layoffs

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2007
1st quarter
2008
2nd quarter
2008
3rd quarter
2008
Extended mass layoff events
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50 20 (P) 57 (P) 34
Separations
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17,859 2,504 (P) 23,768 (P) 7,519
Initial claimants
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7,226 1,833 (P) 5,830 (P) 2,797
Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Mass Layoff Statistics)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2007
Actors 20,160
Amusement and recreation attendants 157,170
Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors 151,020
Gaming supervisors 5,870
Musicians and singers 33,170

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for arts, entertainment, and recreation.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours for production or nonsupervisory employees, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in arts, entertainment, and recreation.

Earnings and Hours of Production Workers

Data series Back
data
Jul.
2008
Aug.
2008
Sep.
2008
Oct.
2008
Average hourly earnings
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$13.99 $14.10 $14.75 (P) $15.00
Average weekly hours
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25.0 24.6 23.6 (P) 23.8
Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

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data
Median weekly earnings
2004 2005 2006 2007
Union membership and representation
Full-time workers
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$523 $521 $545 $587
Members of unions
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$677 $652 $617 $633
Represented by unions
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$662 $618 $604 $634
Nonunion
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$513 $515 $537 $581

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2007
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean
Actors $14.58 $25.37 (1) $- (1) $-
Amusement and recreation attendants $7.90 $8.46 $16,420 $17,590
Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors $13.85 $16.35 $28,800 $34,010
Gaming supervisors $20.45 $21.26 $42,540 $44,230
Musicians and singers $22.65 $29.95 (1) $- (1) $-
Footnotes
(1) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in arts, entertainment, and recreation. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2004 2005 2006 2007
Fatalities
Number of fatalities 105 92 87 (P) 102
Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers
Total recordable cases 5.9 6.1 5.3 5.3
Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer 3.1 2.9 2.5 2.5
Cases involving days away from work 1.5 1.6 1.3 1.4
Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.1
Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in arts, entertainment, and recreation.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
2nd quarter
2007
3rd quarter
2007
4th quarter
2007
1st quarter
2008
Number of establishments
Private industry
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124,140 125,033 125,581 (P) 124,621
Local government
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3,645 3,655 3,651 (P) 3,678
State government
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864 869 867 (P) 878
Federal government
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920 925 922 (P) 931
Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)


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