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E-Marketing

Logo MosaicAPRIL 2010

by Ambrose Turkson and Rosalinda Palacio

The burning question many small business clients have is:

What’s the best way to sell my product/service online?

This month’s newsletter will point you toward resources which highlight recent developments in the areas of search engine optimization, website design, online consumer preferences, and the buying process. We’ll also offer suggestions that can make your website even more attractive to potential customers –and move them toward a purchase.

The Three Major Areas We’ll Cover:

1. How to Be Found

Search engine optimization

Social media impact

Advertising

2. Keeping Potential Customers on Your Website

It all starts with your website

Top design trends for 2010

Website features

Eight seconds, plus or minus two

What not to do: fatal mistakes

Website marketing turnoffs

3. Moving People Toward a Purchase

Decision process

Customer value

Make it easy to buy

E-Marketing for Small Businesses – SECTION 1

How to Be Found

In the world of online marketing, your business is like the finest cheese shop in Anytown, USA, and in that virtual world the mouse is your best friend.  If no one knows that your business exists it is probably because Google (or any “search engine”) has not led the “hungry mouse” to your cheese shop.  In the age of online marketing, millions of people search the internet and expect to find a specific product or service provider list.  If your enterprise is not at or near the top of the list the customer will not find it.  How do you get your business to the top of the list?

Getting Online Marketing Help

Online marketers propose at least three methods that can help customers find your business.  In the process called Search Engine Optimization (SEO), the online marketing companies promise that they know what to tell Google to keep your name at the top of the list so that customers can find you.  Another method involves strategically embedding your product or service information in online texts or internet sites so that potential customers can click on it and find your website.   A third approach recommends taking advantage of social media sites such as Twitter and Facebook to increase exposure to potential customers.

A business can pay big money to stay at the top of the list (e.g., Pay per Click) or use other non-paying methods (organic searches) to achieve high ranking status on search lists.  Because SEO and embedding can cost thousands of dollars, Jean Rowan, a San Antonio based online marketing executive cautions that “Small businesses need to first understand what is being sold to them.”  (See Primer on Paid Searches vs Organic searches, and examples of ranking results, courtesy of www.asenzmarketing.com, and for more details on the search engine optimization process, visit http://www.websiteoptimization.com/publications/.)

Small businesses first need to understand what is being sold to them – paid listings or organic listing.  There is a vast difference between PPC (paid for advertising) and search engine rankings (organic and earned), here are the highlights:

 

Paid Search Organic Search
Key Advantages You can “buy” your way in ( guaranteed placement.)More control over editorial. 

Enables testing and optimization of various messages.

Instantaneous results ( campaign live within minutes)

You don’t pay for clicks ( no ongoing media investment )Users may more readily trust organic listings 

Organic search tends to generate a higher conversion rate

Key Disadvantages Requires ongoing tweaking and analysis for successSponsored ads may be seen as less trust worthy by some users Cannot guarantee placement.Lack of editorial control. 

Requires long term, ongoing efforts.

Unpredictable environment (search – engine algorithms changing, etc.).

Off-site tactics difficult to influence ( e.g. ,in-bound links.

Anyone can promise high rankings in PPC (Pay per Click) because the business is paying for that space.  No one should promise high rankings for organic search engine rankings because these are dependent on a number of factors (Google has 123 criteria they use to rank a site and this is propriety information), not to mention the number of competitors in their space, the size and age of the website, etc.

Without a long lesson on how search engines work, the best advice is for the business person to ask for demonstrated results,  i.e. ,sites in their market area that are placing well for the most popular keywords.

 

E-Marketing for Small Businesses – SECTION 2

“It All Starts With Your Website”

You may already have your website in place, but take some time to focus on these questions:

  • What is the profile of my target audience? (age range, professions, hobbies, interests, etc.)
  • Which adjectives best describe this target market: conservative, liberal, youthful, fun-loving, rebellious, outdoorsy, homebodies, etc.?
  • How would I like my site to appear differently, from a design standpoint, compared to those of my competitors? (See Website Features Comparison Worksheet)

http://training.txsbdc.org

Tailor your design and processes to meet the needs and preferences of your target audience.

Top Design Trends For 2010

Keep your users interested by integrating new elements to your website or giving it a drastic makeover. Here are a few favorites for 2010:

Personalized Experience                  Interactive/Intuitive Design            More Multi-Media
Magazine Layout                            Links, Links,Links                         One Page Designs
Gigantic Logos and Headers             Enough White Space                     Hand Drawn Sketches
Typography                                   Less Flash                                    Large Images and Pictures
Replacing Icons for Text                 Context-Sensitive Navigati              Retro Design
Slab Typefaces                              Change of Perspective                   Modal Boxes

Talk to your website designer about any possibilities you would like to consider. Discuss additional costs, speed and mobile platform considerations, and whether your users really need or would value these types of upgrades.
example_of_magazine_layout.jpg
Example of Magazine Layout at http://www.cyberdesignz.com/blog/2009/12/8-web-design-trends-2010/

magazine_layout_2.jpg

Example of Real-Life Metaphors (C.L. Holloway) at                                                                                                                                   http://www.smashingmagazine.com/2010/05/20/web-design-trends-2010-real-life-metaphors-and-css3-adaptation/

Top Web Design Trends for Small Business in 2010
http://smallbiztrends.com/2010/01/top-web-design-trends-for-small-business-in-2010.html

Web Design Trends 2010: Real-Life Metaphors and CSS3 Adaptation
http://www.smashingmagazine.com/2010/05/20/web-design-trends-2010-real-life-metaphors-and-css3-adaptation/

Web Design Trends 2010
http://webdesignledger.com/tips/web-design-trends-for-2010

11 Excellent Solutions for Making Your Website Mobile Friendly
http://webdesignledger.com/tools/11-excellent-solutions-for-making-your-website-mobile-friendly

A Guide to Mobile Web Design Tips and Tricks
http://mashable.com/2009/11/26/mobile-web-design/

10 User Interface Design Fundamentals
http://carsonified.com/blog/design/10-user-interface-design-fundamentals/

How to Make Your Web Design Stand out from the Crowd
http://carsonified.com/blog/design/how-to-make-your-web-design-stand-out-from-the-crowd/

The Next Wave of Digital Marketing Trends
4 innovative marketing solutions that are just around the corner for small businesses
http://www.entrepreneur.com/marketing/onlinemarketing/article206418.html

10 Web Marketing Trends for 2010
Where to invest, what to test and which deserve a rest
http://www.entrepreneur.com/marketing/onlinemarketing/article204480.html

 

Keeping Potential Customers On Your Site

People hate to wait.

Studies have shown that most first-time visitors spend at most 10 seconds on a site before deciding whether or not it offers any value for them.  So what are you doing to keep potential customers on your site?

Experts in growing small businesses recommend that you do your homework. First, visit the websites of direct competitors and carefully study the various factors outlined below. Then compare them to your own website design. Use the table below to rate your competitor(s) and see how your own website compares. (Rate from 1-10; 1 is the lowest, 10 the highest)

Website Features Comparison Worksheet
Website Features Competitor 1 Rating Competitor 2 Rating My Website
Load speed
Colors
Intuitiveness
Ease of use and navigation
Scope of content
Quality of content
Level of professionalism
Types of information shared
Special links
Other

Adapted from “E-Commerce” tutorial prepared by the Texas Small Business Development Corporation. (http://training.txsbdc.org )

You must also have an online strategic/marketing plan. Ask yourself:
•    What is my site all about?
•    Who is the intended audience?
•    Who will really come to my site?
•    Will they understand the value proposition once they get there?
•    What will compel them to linger on the site for any extended period of time?

http://training.txsbdc.org

Remember, your website is not designed for you – it has to be designed for your prospects and customers! Look at your website through the eyes of the prospect.

Webdevelopernotes.com offers these tips, “if you run a site which sells products for the elderly, you should make the layout easy, the font size large and the design simple…  Navigation should be such that visitors are able to find the information they are looking for in a maximum of three clicks. The lesser the number of clicks the better. Remember,frustrated visitors are quick to click on the browser “Back” button. So structuring your site content is essential for survival.”

http://www.webdevelopersnotes.com/design/index.php3

Response Time: Eight Seconds, Plus or Minus Two

Slow response times and difficult navigation are the most common complaints by Internet users, according to Websiteoptimization.com. Users will bail out to look for a faster site after about eight seconds. Exactly how patient a user will be depends on many factors. How compelling is the experience on your website? Is there effective feedback? How fast is fast enough?

For an in-depth look at the psychology of delay and in order to discover why we are so impatient, visit http://www.websiteoptimization.com/speed/1/ . The model below illustrates the four things Internet users look for and the balance between those aspects and the user’s financial and social costs. When users make a decision about using a web site, they weigh how useful it will be, its perceived ease of use, its suitability to the task, and how much it will cost them.
shackels_acceptability_paradigm.jpg

Figure 1: Shackel’s Acceptability Paradigm

http://www.websiteoptimization.com/speed/1/

http://www.digital-web.com/articles/speed_up_your_site/

http://www.webreference.com/

Internet marketing expert, Corey Rudl, author of “Insider Secrets to Marketing Your Business on the Internet” and founder of www.marketingtips.com , says that a Web site should be like a newspaper story–what you’re selling and how it benefits people–should be the first thing your visitors see. That’s the best way to capture their attention and get them to read more. “Don’t make them look for it; hit them between the eyes with it!” To read his expert advice in the article “4 Fatal Website Design Mistakes” click here:  http://www.entrepreneur.com/ebusiness/sitedesign/content/article71474.html

What Not to Do: Fatal Mistakes In Website Design:

FATAL MISTAKE #1: TRYING TO “DAZZLE” CUSTOMERS INSTEAD OF TRYING TO SELLTO THEM.
FATAL MISTAKE #2: MAKING YOUR SITE TOO LARGE.
FATAL MISTAKE #3: DESIGNING CONFUSING NAVIGATION.
FATAL MISTAKE #4: BURYING ESSENTIAL INFORMATION TOO DEEP WITHIN THE SITE.

Website Marketing Turnoffs

Forcing immediate registration                 The long URL                          The unsearchable website
Windows that don’t generate URLs            Limiting contact to e-mail         Lack of feeds and e-mail lists
No e-mail addresses as usernames          E-mails without signatures         High Prices
Dirty store (clean it up)                           Poor customer service               Pushy salespeople

http://www.entrepreneur.com/magazine/entrepreneur/2009/june/201614.html

http://www.impressivewebs.com/5-ways-to-turn-off-website-visitors/

 

 

E-Marketing for Small Businesses – SECTION 3

Moving People Toward a Purchase

Why should someone buy from you?

Many factors meld together to encourage a potential customer to buy from you, or not. A decision to buy involves many rational and irrational processes going on in your potential customer’s mind. The model that follows illustrates the overall process in a buying decision.

purchase_process.jpg
If this is a high-involvement decision, you need to provide a good deal of information about the positive consequences of buying. Stress the important attributes of the product, the advantages compared with the competition; and maybe even encourage “trial” or “sampling” of the product to help secure the sale.

http://tutor2u.net/business/marketing/buying_decision_process.asp

Basically, you must provide customer value:

Customer Value = Relative Performance – Relative Price (1)

(1)Best, Roger J. Market-based management: strategies for growing customer value and profitability. 5th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2009.

So how does your product/service compare in the customer’s mind? Think about your performance relative to your competition. Do you compete on price? Uniqueness? Speed? Social or emotional benefits? Service after the sale? Again, why should someone buy from you?

Make It Easy To Buy

Assuming you’ve taken care of the website issues discussed in our previous chapter “Keeping Them on Your Website,” and your value proposition is acceptable to your potential customer, now’s it’s time to make the purchase process as easy as possible.

Keep it simple! Don’t require the customer to complete complicated forms or provide lots of extra information during the order process. You can always ask for additional information after you’ve closed the sale.

Make it Obvious

Don’t force your customers to search for the purchase options: put those options “above the fold” so that customers don’t have to scroll down to find them. Offer a variety of payment options. Don’t distract your customers from the primary objective of closing the sale.Here are some interesting ideas in this area:

http://www.developer-resource.com/make-it-easy-to-buy.htm

http://www.developer-resource.com/general-marketing.htm

http://sbdcnet.org/SBIC/marketing.php

For additional resources related to E-Commerce, Online Training, Business Strategy, Building Your Web Site, Finding a Web Host, Strategic Marketing, etc, please visit http://sbdcnet.org/SBIC/e-com.php

SBDCNet distributes limited competitor and/or supplier lists from industry accepted resources, but cannot guaranty accuracy.  SBDCNet does not provide marketing lists, medical or legal advice.  Preliminary patent and trademark searches do not constitute legal advice and consultation with an intellectual property attorney is advised.  This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Small Business Administration.  Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed are those of SBDCNet and do not necessarily reflect the views of the U.S. SBA. This U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) Grant is funded by the SBA.  SBA’s funding is not an endorsement of any products, opinions, or services.  All SBA funded programs are extended to the public on a nondiscriminatory basis. This material may be protected by Copyright law (Title 17 U.S. Code).

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